Concentrates—also known as Shatter, wax, honeycomb, oil, wax crumble, sap, budder, pull-and-snap—are a popular way to consume cannabis. Weed concentrates like live resin for sale are created by stripping the marijuana plant matter of its psychoactive and medicinal cannabinoid resin properties, also known as trichomes. The most popular and well-known cannabinoids are THC for its psychoactive properties, and CBD for its medicinal properties, however marijuana contains at least 66 cannabinoids. Typically, all of the cannabinoids that are in the plant’s profile are extracted and end up in the hash during the concentrate extraction process. The fresher the plant material when it is extracted, the higher the quality of the resulting hash.
A cannabis extract is any oil that concentrates the plant’s chemical compounds like THC and CBD. This is achieved through a variety of extraction processes and solvents, the most common being butane. Advancements in extraction technology have enabled the use of other solvents like carbon dioxide and pure hydrocarbons in a process that utilizes pressure in a safe closed-loop system. The end product is a highly potent oil of varying consistencies most popularly used for vaporization and dabbing. Our Top Shelf Oils are CO2 extracted.
Cannabis wax refers to the softer, opaque oils that have lost their transparency after extraction. Unlike those of transparent oils, the molecules of cannabis wax crystallize as a result of agitation. Light can’t travel through irregular molecular densities, and that refraction leaves us with a solid, non-transparent oil.
Just as transparent oils span the spectrum between shatter and sap, wax can also take on different consistencies based on heat, moisture, and the texture of the oil before it is purged (the process in which residual solvents are removed from the product). Runny oils with more moisture tend to form gooey waxes often called “budder,” while the harder ones are likely to take on a soft, brittle texture known as “crumble” or “honeycomb.” The term “wax” can be used to describe all of these softer, solid textures.
Types of Concentrates
Cannabis Concentrates are extracted in various forms. Some of the most common types are shatter and wax. Shatter, also known as glass, is stunningly beautiful. While transparency does not always mean a higher quality, shatter is one of the purest forms of cannabis oil.
Wax is another type of concentrate. Wax looks like wax because the molecules crystallize after extraction. This concentrate is extremely versatile – it can be used in a rig or crumbled as a topping for your joint for an extra kick.
Check out his article for more information on different types of concentrates.
ICE WATER EXTRACTION
ICE WATER EXTRACTION
This process uses marijuana plant material, ice and water. Once blended, the trichomes fall off the plant and are sifted through pollen-extracting screens to remove the plant matter from the concentrate. This process yields “bubble hash,” or in circumstances where the concentrate is exceptionally high quality, it is considered to be a “full melt” product. Ice water extraction is typically thought to be the cleanest and safest way to extract hash, since no solvents or extreme heat are involved, thereby eliminating byproducts that could potentially cause impurities in the flavor and quality of the concentrate.
BHO (BUTANE HASH OIL)
ICE WATER EXTRACTION
This process of concentrate extraction uses cannabis plant material and butane as the solvent for extraction. BHO concentrate typically tests higher for concentrated cannabinoids than other forms of extraction. The extreme cold of the butane allows the trichomes to fall off the plant matter easily, breaking down the cell wall and creating a slab of trichomes.
The processor then removes the residual butane from the concentrate product using a closed-loop hash BHO machine, where a high percentage of the butane is recycled out of the product. Any remaining solvent gets removed during the purging process, when the slab of concentrate is baked in a low-temperature vacuum oven for a minimum of 12 hours. BHO extraction typically yields shatter, wax or live resin.
PHO (PROPANE HASH OIL)
Concentrates extracted with PHO are made exactly the same way as with the BHO process, except the processor uses propane as the solvent instead of butane.
CO2 HASH OIL
With this type of concentrate extraction, CO2 is used as the cold solvent. Since CO2 is not purged from the oil, it usually comes in a liquid form. This product is considered to be cleaner than BHO or PHO extracted concentrate because CO2 is not a combustible. This product is often more expensive than other forms of concentrate due to the expensive extraction process and limited market availability.
What is Shatter?
Being regarded as one of the purest and cleanest type of extract, but translucence isn’t necessarily the tell-tale sign of quality, the consistency and texture of oil comes down to different factors entirely. The reason shatter comes out perfectly clear has to do with the molecules which, if left undisturbed, form a glass-like appearance. Heat, moisture, and high terpene contents can also affect the texture, turning oils into a runnier substance that resembles sap.